3-岩藻糖基乳糖 (3-FL)

母乳低聚糖 3-FL(3-岩藻糖基乳糖)是母乳中含量最丰富的HMO之一。 研究表明,母乳中 3-FL的浓度会在哺乳期增加1 。   

 

 

健康益处和研究

3-FL被认为可以降低有害菌引起的肠道微生物菌群失衡的风险2, 3。另外,3-FL已被证明可以选择性地刺激有益的双歧杆菌生长,以支持整体肠道健康4


参考文献

1 Plows, Jasmine F., et al. "Longitudinal Changes in Human Milk Oligosaccharides (HMOs) Over the Course of 24 Months of Lactation." The Journal of Nutrition (2021)..
2 Weichert, Stefan, et al. „Bioengineered 2′-fucosyllactose and 3-fucosyllactose inhibit the adhesion of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and enteric pathogens to human intestinal and respiratory cell lines.“ Nutrition research10 (2013): 831-838.
3 Craft, Kelly M., and Steven D. Townsend. „The human milk glycome as a defense against infectious diseases: rationale, challenges, and opportunities.“ ACS infectious diseases2 (2018): 77-83.
4 Bode, Lars. „Human milk oligosaccharides: prebiotics and beyond.“ Nutrition reviewssuppl_2 (2009): S183-S191。

 

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