Lower urinary tract discomfort is mainly caused by common bacterial infection issues in adults. Women are disproportionately affected, with approximately 50% experiencing a urinary tract discomfort in their lifetime. For about 20-30%, this becomes a recurring problem.
Urinary tract discomfort can occur in different parts of the urinary system. The most common sites of identified health concerns are the bladder and urethra. When the kidneys are concerned, it can be more severe.
To maintain a healthy urinary tract and strengthen defense against bacterial pathogens in the lower urinary tract, the following simple measures can help:
- Drink plenty of water
- Avoid spicy food, alcohol, caffeine and citrus
- Increase vitamin C intake
- Drink cranberry juice
- Take a dietary supplement containing cranberry.
There is substantial scientific evidence to support these measures – and the link between specific nutrients like cranberry and urinary tract health are well-established.1-5
1 Vasileiou et al., 2013. Current clinical status on the preventive effects of cranberry consumption against urinary tract infections. Nutr. Res., 33, 595–607
2 Caljouw et al., 2014. Effectiveness of cranberry capsules to prevent urinary tract infections in vulnerable older persons: a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial in long-term care facilities. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc., 62, 103–10
3 Stapleton et al., 2012. Recurrent urinary tract infection and urinary Escherichia coli in women ingesting cranberry juice daily: a randomized controlled trial. Mayo Clin. Proc., 87, 143–50
4 Takahashi et al., 2013. A randomized clinical trial to evaluate the preventive effect of cranberry juice (UR65) for patients with recurrent urinary tract infection. J. Infect. Chemother., 19, 112–7
5 Blumberg et al., 2013. Cranberries and their bioactive constituents in human health. Adv. Nutr., 4, 618–32